Hero SMD Component PCB design

Designing Castellated Holes for SMD Components

Castellated holes is an alternative way to overcome the component shortage market

How to Design Castellated Holes for an SMD Module

SMD components like the DA14531MOD from Dialog Semiconductors (A Renesas SMD Module Dialog SemiConductors SMD Component Half Plated Holescompany) is a Bluetooth® Low Energy module using a particular plated hole style called castellated (also called half-plated holes). If you look at these modules, it should be evident how castellated holes on a PCB can be used to mount a PCB module as an SMD component. These small modules are becoming more popular due to the global shortage of electronic components in the market. They are actually simple to work with, although they might look a bit specialized for use in the standard PCB fabrication process.

How to find SMD components when there is a shortage in the market

The first challenge is to find SMD components or alternatives when there is a shortage in the market. With eCADSTAR you have direct and online integration to most of the world’s largest part vendors, viewing live part information including stock, pricing, and alternatives is a breeze.

But often if the preferred part is not available, you end up with alternatives that do not match the already used footprint. Instead of redesigning and manufacturing a new version of the master board, you can just design a small interface board on which you mount a smaller alternative part and the total PCB module can be mounted as an SMD component. This allows you to mate a small module to your main PCB with SMD soldering. castellated holes are used on small modules as an alternative to pin-header mounting. Instead of using pin headers to mate two boards, you can design the main board with SMD pads to mount an array of castellated holes.

Using castellated holes on your module will provide a strong soldered connection between the module and your carrier board. To make this work, you need to design a castellated hole array along the edge of your SMD module and ensure this will fit on the footprint of the part on your carrier board to hold your SMD module.

half-plated hole design in eCADSTAR for a motor driver module,using the DRV8256E (24-Pin VQFN with Exposed Thermal PAD footprint) as an alternative for the DRV8873H-Q1

Example of a half-plated hole design in eCADSTAR for a motor driver module, using the DRV8256E (24-Pin VQFN with Exposed Thermal PAD footprint) as an alternative for the DRV8873H-Q1 (24 HTSSOP PowerPAD™ IC).

You’ll have to approach this while thinking about the fabrication process, but the basic tools in eCADSTAR can be used to easily place castellated holes on your PCB.

The image above shows an example of how castellated holes can be placed in eCADSTAR. Note that I’ve placed standard pads with plated through-holes, and the through-holes hang over the edge of the board. This overhang can be addressed in manufacturing.

Designing the Pad Array on Your Main Board

The pad array on the main board follows standard land pattern design guidelines for SMD components. Although the half-plated holes will be treated as a through-hole feature in the manufacturing process, to mount the module to your main board, it can be soldered just like other SMD components.

Dialog SMD Component Half Plated Hole
Module with castellated holes soldered to the carrier PCB

Some attention must be paid during assembly and soldering. A problem can be the potential for contamination; the pad array on the carrier board can trap exhaust from some fluxes during reflow soldering or too much solder paste along the pad array can lift the module. However, this is similar to what can happen with SMD ICs that have a large ground path in the center of the component. I have not experienced it as a problem, but if it occurs, you can overcome this by hand soldering or selective soldering. In this case you won’t have the potential for component liftoff or contamination from some fluxes during soldering.

In eCADSTAR, you can easily place castellated holes in your PCB layout. You can also instantly create the fabrication files your manufacturer needs to correctly place your castellated hole array.

Jeroen Leinders
Jeroen LeinderseCADSTAR Business Manager Europe at Zuken
Jeroen Leinders has over 30 years of experience in various parts of the electronic industry in design, manufacturing, and EDA software. He is eCADSTAR Business Manager in Europe for Zuken, based out of his home office in the Netherlands. Where possible, exploring and developing new strategies, business opportunities, and areas for eCADSTAR. He is fascinated with the latest technical gadgets and enjoys riding his motorbike.

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